In recent decades, the government has promoted cycling, in particular as a means of transport for commuting. More cycling and fewer cars contribute to climate and energy goals, have a positive effect on air quality, make a city greener, quieter, healthier and safer. In addition, a bicycle takes up little space. The bicycle can therefore be the solution to the growing problems in the areas of nature, environment and climate, as well as to the problem that there is less and less space within cities.
Nevertheless, the adaptation of the infrastructure to cope with this increase in vehicles on cycle paths has been neglected. At present, the Netherlands has 6200 kilometres of cycle paths, 80% of which are not calculated for large groups of vehicles on cycle paths. In general, these bike paths are too narrow. The result is an increase in unsafe situations, especially during peak hours when large groups of vehicles use the cycle paths. In addition, not only are larger numbers of bicycles the problem, but also the diversity of vehicles with different speeds on cycle paths: for example, the E-bike, speed-pedelec, cargo bike, delivery bike etc. Governments and municipalities are currently investing heavily in the optimization of cycling infrastructure and are looking for solutions for the diversity of vehicles on cycling paths.